Risk Perception and Moralization Among Smokers in the USA and Denmark: A Qualitative Approach
Student author: Margaret R. Tobias
Student author: Bettina M. Cerban
British Journal of Health Psychology
Objectives. The present research explored the role that culture plays in smokers' description of their risk perceptions and experiences as targets of moralization.
Methods. We conducted in-depth qualitative interviews with 15 smokers each from Denmark (a smoking-lenient culture) and the USA (a smoking-prohibitive culture).
Results. Smokers said they were well aware of the risks of smoking yet minimized the risks of active and passive smoking; Danes were particularly likely to minimize these risks. Smokers also described many experiences as targets of moralization and accepted some elements of moralized attitudes although overall Danes more strongly rejected moralized opinions. Smokers described adjusting to moralization by changing when and where but not how much they smoked.
Conclusion. It is important to consider cultural influences on moralization and risk perception of smoking.
Helweg-Larsen, Marie, Margaret R. Tobias, and Bettina M. Cerban. "Risk Perception and Moralization Among Smokers in the USA and Denmark: A Qualitative Approach." British Journal of Health Psychology 15, no. 4 (2010): 871-886. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1348/135910710X490415