This essay analyzes the indiano character in Tormento and La loca de la casa by Benito Pérez Galdós. Utilizing in part the concepts of the stereotype, hybridity, and mimicry as theorized by Homi Bhabha, I argue that the indiano exposes gaps and fissures in colonial discourse present in these texts, functioning to betray anxiety about Spain’s national identity and waning imperial status. Ultimately, normative constructions of metropolitan masculinity are rejected in favor of the indiano’s embodiment of hybrid subjectivity, one with the potential to “regenerate” Spain. In Tormento, the indiano is a positive figure but impossible to reconcile with the nation, while in La loca de la casa, the indiano is presented as a viable path through which national regeneration may take place.
Copeland, Eva Maria. "Empire, Nation, and the Indiano in Galdós’s Tormento and La loca de la casa." Hispanic Review 80, no.2 (2012): 221-242. https://muse.jhu.edu/article/475324.