Document Type

Article

Publication Date

9-2014

Department

Chemistry

Language

English

Publication Title

Nature Chemical Biology

Abstract

Inhibiting protein-protein interactions (PPIs) with synthetic molecules remains a frontier of chemical biology. Many PPIs have been successfully targeted by mimicking α-helices at interfaces, but most PPIs are mediated by nonhelical, nonstrand peptide loops. We sought to comprehensively identify and analyze these loop-mediated PPIs by writing and implementing LoopFinder, a customizable program that can identify loop-mediated PPIs within all of the protein-protein complexes in the Protein Data Bank. Comprehensive analysis of the entire set of 25,005 interface loops revealed common structural motifs and unique features that distinguish loop-mediated PPIs from other PPIs. 'Hot loops', named in analogy to protein hot spots, were identified as loops with favorable properties for mimicry using synthetic molecules. The hot loops and their binding partners represent new and promising PPIs for the development of macrocycle and constrained peptide inhibitors.

Comments

Published as:
Gavenonis, Jason, Bradley A Sheneman, Timothy R Siegert, Matthew R. Eshelman, and Joshua A. Kritzer. "Comprehensive Analysis of Loops at Protein-Protein Interfaces for Macrocycle Design." Nature Chemical Biology 10, no. 9 (2014): 716-722. https://www.nature.com/articles/nchembio.1580

This author post-print is made available on Dickinson Scholar with the permission of the publisher. For more information on the published version, visit Nature.com's Website.

DOI

10.1038/nchembio.1580

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