Voices in Italian Americana
In 1980, seven gay writers -- Christopher Cox, Robert Ferro, Michael Grumley, Andrew Holleran, Felice Picano, Edmund White, and George Whitmore -- formed a literary club in New York called the Violet Quill, with the goal of reading their works in progress to one another. Although the group met only a handful of times, the Violet Quill deserves attention for providing its members with a support system at a time when writing gay novels was rare and courageous.
Lanzilotta, Luca. "Italy and the Violet Quill: A Conversation with Edmund White." Voices in Italian Americana 28, no. 1 (2017): 47-61.