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BMJ Global Health


  • Globally, Indigenous populations have fared poorly in relation to their non-Indigenous counterparts in previous pandemics hence it is important to assess how they are faring in the COVID-19 pandemic.

  • Due to the vulnerability of Indigenous people to more severe outcomes of COVID-19 because of both historical and contemporary issues impacting overall health status, timely and accurate data should be urgently collated and reported.

  • This study highlights major gaps in data collation and analysis of COVID-19 by Indigenous status.

  • In countries where there appears to be good control of COVID-19, this has benefits for Indigenous peoples; conversely the same is true.

  • Without available epidemiological data on Indigenous populations, it will also be difficult to justify vaccine prioritisation for these populations in some countries.


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