Title

The Japanese Theorem for Nonconvex Polygons

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-2013

Department

Mathematics

Language

English

Publication Title

Covergence

Abstract

The so-called "Japanese theorem" dates back over 200 years; in its original form it states that given a quadrilateral inscribed in a circle, the sum of the inradii of the two triangles formed by the addition of a diagonal does not depend on the choice of diagonal. Later it was shown that this invariance holds for any cyclic polygon that is triangulated by diagonals. In this article we examine this theorem closely, discuss some of its consequences, and generalize it further. In particular, we explore its relationship with Carnot's classical theorem on triangles, we look for extreme values for this sum of inradii, we look at the limit of this value as the number of sides goes to infinity, and we generalize the theorem to nonconvex cyclic polygons. We include interactive applets throughout the article to give the theorems a tangible credibility.

"The Japanese Theorem for Nonconvex Polygons" includes the following subsections:

Comments

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