Adhesion Phenomena in Ferrofluids
Physical Review E
One efficient way of determining the bond strength of adhesives is to measure the force or the work required to separate two surfaces bonded by a thin adhesive film. We consider the case in which the thin film is not a conventional adhesive material but a high viscosity ferrofluid confined between two narrowly spaced parallel flat plates subjected to an external magnetic field. Our theoretical results demonstrate that both the peak adhesive force and the separation energy are significantly influenced by the action and symmetry properties of the applied field. Specifically, we show that the adhesive strength of a ferrofluid is reduced if the applied magnetic field is perpendicular to the plates or if the applied field is in plane and exhibits azimuthal symmetry. Conversely, the adhesive strength can be either enhanced or reduced if the applied field is in plane and is directed radially outward. This establishes an interesting connection between adhesion and ferrohydrodynamic phenomena, allowing the control of important adhesive properties by magnetic means.
Miranda, José A., Rafael M. Oliveira, and David P. Jackson. "Adhesion Phenomena in Ferrofluids." Physical Review E 70 (2004): e036311. https://journals.aps.org/pre/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevE.70.036311