Title

The Carlisle Indian Industrial School: Mapping Resources to Support an Important Conversation

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date

10-2019

Department

Sociology

Language

English

Publication Title

Cybercartography in a Reconciliation Community: Engaging Intersecting Perspectives

Abstract

The Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Carlisle, Pennsylvania is a major site of memory for Native Nations across the country and for those interested in the history of American education and colonization. Lieutenant Richard Henry Pratt founded the school in 1879 as a means to implement his vision for solving the so-called 'Indian Problem'. During the school's 39 years of operation, over 8000 students were taken to Carlisle in an attempt to assimilate them to the dominant Euro-American culture. As the flagship school, Carlisle served as a model for other off-reservation boarding schools across the country and in Canada (including Shingwauk Industrial Home referred to in Chapter 4 and elsewhere in the book); and though Carlisle closed in 1918, similar schools operated well into the later half of the 20th century. The lasting and often traumatic impact of Carlisle and the Indian boarding school movement is an important part of American history that warrants continued exploration, interrogation, dissemination and discussion.

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