Title

Quinoa: Origins and Development

Document Type

Encyclopedia Entry

Publication Date

2017

Department

Archaeology

Language

English

Publication Title

Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

Abstract

One of the indigenous staple crops of Andean South America is the pseudocereal quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.). While it was traditionally placed in its own family Chenopodiaceae, recent genetic work located it within the monophyletic family Amaranthaceae. It is a tall, little-branched shrub that produces thousands of seeds in a large, exserted panicle (Fig. 1). There are many varieties that are primarily distinguished based on the color of both the plant and seed. Quinoa varieties range in color from white, yellow, red, and purple.

Comments

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DOI

10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_2184

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