Why are Japanese Cyborgs Always Female?
Sharalyn Orbaugh, Professor of Asian studies and women’s & gender studies, University of British Columbia.
In the robot, android or cyborg body, sex and gender are constructed and unnecessary rather than biological and functional; nonetheless, most depictions of such post-human entities retain gender and sex markers. This presentation explores the reasons behind this phenomenon in recent Japanese anime films, such as Osamu Tezuka’s Metropolis.
Japanese Anime, Japanese Cyborgs
Orbaugh, Sharalyn. "Why are Japanese Cyborgs Always Female?" Ensemble video, 01:23:30. November 05, 2009. https://ensemble.dickinson.edu/Watch/s9W7Gye4