Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-2016

Department

Psychology

Language

English

Publication Title

European Journal of Social Psychology

Abstract

Recent research points to Chinese people's elevated tendency to make positive self‐evaluations, despite the general claim that East Asians do not self‐enhance. We present three studies in support of a novel prediction that sociocultural change in China plays an important role in augmenting self‐enhancement. We operationalized self‐enhancement primarily in terms of the better‐than‐average effect (BTAE) and accounted for trait desirability or importance. We found that: (i) compared with Chinese Canadians, Chinese showed a stronger BTAE; (ii) within the Chinese, identification with contemporary Chinese culture uniquely predicted a stronger BTAE; and (iii) priming contemporary (vs. traditional) Chinese culture led to a stronger BTAE. Finally, we provided further evidence that motivation, in part, underlies the rising Chinese BTAE. We conclude by discussing the importance of both socioeconomic and cultural perspectives for understanding how and when of self‐enhancement in contemporary China and other societies undergoing social change.

Comments

Published as:
Zhang, Rui, Kimberly A. Noels, Yanjun Guan, Liping Weng. "Making Sense of Positive Self‐Evaluations in China: The Role of Sociocultural Change." European Journal of Social Psychology (Article published online July 1, 2016) doi:10.1002/ejsp.2214

This author post-print is made available on Dickinson Scholar with the permission of the publisher. For more information on the published version, visit Wiley's Website.

DOI

10.1002/ejsp.2214

Available for download on Friday, July 21, 2017

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