Title

Taḳī al-Dīn al-Nabhānī

Document Type

Encyclopedia Entry

Publication Date

2012

Department

History

Language

English

Publication Title

Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

Abstract

(1909-77), founder and chief ideologue of the Islamic Liberation Party ( ḥizb al-taḥrīr al-islāmī ), which has striven since its formation in 1952 to establish an Islamic state and has been particularly active in Jordan. Al-Nabhānī was born near Haifa, studied at al-Azhar and the Dār al-ʿUlūm in Cairo (1927-32), then returned to Palestine, where he taught religious sciences and worked in Islamic law courts. In 1952, he sought permission from the Jordanian Interior Ministry to form the Islamic Liberation Party as a legal political party, but the request was denied on the grounds that its platform contradicted Jordan’s constitution. Government restrictions on al-Nabhānī’s activities induced him to emigrate to Syria in 1953, and three years later he permanently resettled in Beirut.

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