Holocaust: Justice and Accountability

Title

Holocaust: Justice and Accountability

Authors

Charles Brown

Files

Description

Following World War II, the Nuremburg trials convicted 22 principal Nazi leaders, sentencing 12 to death and seven to various terms in prison. Hundreds of lower-level concentration camp officials were also tried, but the total number convicted and sentenced was relatively small in comparison to the number who implemented the Final Solution, the Nazi term for the Jewish Holocaust. In response to this unprecedented attempt to exterminate an entire group based on racial, ethnic, and religious criteria, the United Nations unanimously adopted the UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide on December 9, 1948. The pursuit of Nazi criminals continues to this day even though the passage of time and fading memories make successful prosecutions difficult.

Charles Brown is the Leonard and Sophie Davis Genocide Prevention Fellow at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum.

Publication Date

4-16-2015

Keywords

Holocaust, WWII, Nuremburg trials, Nazi, genocide, UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

Disciplines

Criminal Law | European History | Human Rights Law | International Law | Legal

Holocaust: Justice and Accountability
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